One of the first photographs for which Queen Victoria ever posed, circa The government provides damages to slave owners, but nothing to formerly enslaved people. June 20, : Queen Victoria takes the crown at the age of The granddaughter of King George III, her father died when she was just 8 months old, and her three uncles also died, putting her first in line as heir to the throne.
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Calling cards, a catchall term for friendship, visiting, mourning, hidden name, and other types of cards from the 19th Century, are still plentiful today. They were often saved because of their sentimental value and the ease of storing them. Other cards were heavily embossed, hand-printed in curlicued calligraphy, or decorated with a profusion of delicate themes. The calling card had been used by the English and French for years before the Americans adopted it. Its popularity was so rampant here, though, that by it played an important part in the social scene. Rare and valuable cards dating from to were usually hand-drawn in black and white or hand-colored, and signed in elaborate script. A popular style was that of a bird with a huge, sweeping wing on which the donor could sign his or her name.
Her reign over Great Britain and Ireland set a stricter moral tone for much of European and American society. Because of this, courtship was an extremely codified affair. Women of the middle and upper classes were expected to conform to the sentimental idealization promoted by the literature and art of the time.
The Victorian period was all about contradictions. Victorians cheered for the railroad boom but fretted about railway madness. They surrounded themselves with death by adorning their outfits with bird corpses but tried to escape their own mortality with "safety coffins. Men auctioned off their wives at the market one day and then insisted that women preserve their modesty at the beach by hiding in "bathing machines" on the next day.