Loving v. Virginia , U. The case involved Mildred Loving , a woman of color , [note 1] and her white husband Richard Loving , who in were sentenced to a year in prison for marrying each other. Their marriage violated Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of , which criminalized marriage between people classified as "white" and people classified as " colored ". The Lovings appealed their conviction to the Supreme Court of Virginia , which upheld it.
Appeals panel strikes down Virginia gay marriage ban
Efforts to repeal Virginia's gay marriage ban test state's progressive credibility
Last Updated: January 3, References Approved. This article was co-authored by Clinton M. Sandvick, JD, PhD. Clinton M. Sandvick worked as a civil litigator in California for over 7 years. There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
In the landmark case Obergefell v. Hodges, the U. Supreme Court ruled that all state bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, making gay marriage legal throughout America. The ruling was a culmination of decades of struggles, setbacks and victories along the road to full marriage equality in the United States. In , just one year after the historic Stonewall Riots that galvanized the gay rights movement, law student Richard Baker and librarian James McConnell applied for a marriage license in Minnesota.
A federal appeals court panel in Virginia became the second one this summer to strike down a state ban against same-sex marriage Monday, making it more likely that the Supreme Court will settle the issue as early as next year. The three-judge panel of the U. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit in Richmond ruled that gay men and lesbians have a constitutional right to marry that is paramount to state marriage laws. The ruling affirmed a district judge's decision rendered in February.